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Sunday, November 13, 2016

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ldka;djka u;ameka mdkhg fhduq fj,do@ fhduq lrj,do@

ol=Kq m<df;a nd,sld mdi,l isiqúhka msßila mka;s ldurh ;=<g ìh¾ f.keú;a mdkh lsÍfï isoaêhla udOH u.ska jd¾;d lr ;snqfKa Bfha fmf¾odh'
wfma rfÜ by< iudcfha iq¿;rhla ldka;djka w;r Tjqkaf.a ixialD;sh ;=< u;ameka mdkh lsÍu w;S;fha isgu isÿjQ fohls' kuq;a th idudkH iudch lrd meñKsfha ke;' idudkH iudch ;=< isÿjQfha ldka;djka u;ameka ms<sl=,a lsÍuh' wog;a wfma rfÜ nyq;rhla ldka;djka ;u ieñhd" mshd" ifydaorhka u;ameka mdkh lsÍu fy<d oelald ñi Bg wkql+,;djla olajkafka ke;'
th tfia ;sìh§u ;j;a me;a;lska iudch ;=<ska kef.k yඬla jkafka wfma rfÜ ldka;djka ;=< oeka u;amekaj,g jeä keUqrejla we;sfjñka mj;sk njh'
flfia jqjo fï ms<sn|j hï woyila oek.kakd ßisfhka wms fld<U úYajúoHd,fha iudc úoHd wOHhkdxYfha
‍‍‍fcHIaG l:sldpd¾h c.;a je,a,j;a; uy;d weu;=fjuq'
wfma rfÜ u;ameka mdkhg fhduqjQ ldka;djkaf.a m%;sY;h by< .syska ;shk l;dj jerÈ kE' kuq;a tal úYd, by< hdula f,i olajkak;a wmyiqhs' wfma by< iudch ;=< fï mqreoao hï uÜgulg ;snqKd' kuq;a th idudkH iudchg újD; jqfKa kE'
je,a,j;a; uy;d lreKq oelajQ wkaoug fuhg fya;= lSmhla oelaúh yelsh'
u;ameka ksmojk iy wdkhkh lrkq ,nk iud.ïj,g u;ameka m%pdrKh mq¿,a lr .ekSu i|yd ldka;djka b,lal lr .ekSu jvd jdisodhlh' msßñkag u;ameka fmùu fï iud.ïj,g wÆ;a fohla fkdfõ' fjf<|‍fmd< mq¿,a lr .ekSu i|yd ldka;djka u;amekaj,g ‍fmd<Ujd .ekSu ;=<ska msßñka Bg fhduqùuo idfmalaIj jeäfjhs' ldka;djka iy ,sx.sl;ajh hkq m%pdrKfha§ jvd jdisodhlu udOH nj m%pdrK lghq;=j, kshef<kafkda oks;s' kuq;a u;ameka m%pdrKh ;ykï ksid Tjqka ta fjkqjg Bg wE£ mj;sk fjk;a ìu fnda;,hla iu. ldka;dj fhdod .kafka jvd id¾:l fjf<| m%pdrK Wml%uhla f,isks'
wfkla w;g wo iudcfha mj;sk ia;%S mqreI iudc Ndjh iy iudkd;au;djh ms<sn| wÆ;a ~ixl,am~ ksid msßñka  lrk fndfyda foaj,a lsÍug ldka;dfjdao fm<fU;s' úfYaIfhkau iuyr ldka;d úuqla;s ixúOdk yryd wd fuu isß; wkqlrKh lsÍula f,i uq,ska u;amekg fhduqjQ nj fmfkkakg ;sfí' miqj fujeks weíneyslï fudaia;rhla f,i me;sr hdu isÿfõ' wfma iudch ;=< wkqlrKh b;d by< uÜgul mj;shs' by< iudcfha jHdma;j mj;sk fohla by< ueo mka;sh wkqlrKh l< miq my< ueo mka;sho th idorfhka je<|.kq we;'
fï yereKq úg u;ameka yryd ;reKshka u;ao%jHj,g fhduqlr .ekSfï  ;;a;ajhlao iudcfha jHdma;j ;sfí' ta wkqj u;ameka" ÿïjeá wdldrhg ;ekQ u;ao%jH uqiql< is./Ü j¾." u;afm;s jeks foaj,a ;reK ;reKshka w;f¾ jHdma; lsÍfï uyd mßudKfha ie,iqï u;ao%jH jHdmdßlhka úiska l%shd;aul lrkq ,en we;' msßñkaf.a u;ameka mdkh ksid muKla iudch ;=< Woa.;j ;sfnk m%Yak ms<sn|j wuq;=fjka lsjhq;= fkdfõ' ta w;rg ldka;djka w;f¾o u;ameka mdkh m%p,s; jqjfyd;a B<Ûg iudch ;=< Woa.; jk ;;a;ajh l=ula úh yelso@
jeg;a kshr;a f.dhï ld kï ldg mjiï ta wudrej hkq merKs lshukls' th fu;ekgo fhda.H jkq we;'
uoHidr iy u;ao%jH f;dr;=re uOHia:dkh ^ADIC& fï iïnkaOfhka mjik wdldrhg msßñkaf.a u;ameka mdkhg wfma rfÜ ldka;djkaf.ka ljo;a rel=,la ,enqfKa ke;' hï fyhlska u;amekaj,g tfrysj we;s tu m%;spdrh ldka;dj fj;ska wvq jqjfyd;a msßñkag u;ameka mdkh i|yd we;s ndOdjkao mek fkdk.shs'
u;ameka m%pdrKh i|yd u;ameka fnda;,h fhdod .ekSu ;ykï ksid fmr wm i|yka l< mßÈ u;ameka yd iïnkaO ìu fnda;,hla iu. ird.S fmkque;s ldka;djla fhdod .ekSu fuu iud.ïj,g fowdldrhlska jdisodhlh' tlla kï ldka;d rejla fufia fhdod .ekSu ;=<ska u;ameka i|yd ldka;djka fhduqlr .ekSug ,efnk yelshdjhs' wfkla w;g ta yryd msßñka ;=< ;j ;j;a u;ameka jHdma; lsÍuhs'
uoHidr hkq ridhkslj ne¨ l,o wjmSvkhls' lsisÿ W;af;acl ridhkslhla fuys wvx.= ke;' wfkla w;g u;ameka ksid YÍr wNHka;rhg isÿjk ydksh wmg ndysrg fkdfmfkhs' tksid uq,ska l=;=y,h ksid;a" miqj ñ;=rkaf.a fm<Uùï ksid;a fhduqjQ u;amekaj,g weíneyshdjla we;sjQ miq thska ñfokakg leue;a;la we;sjkafka ke;' kuq;a u;ameka ksid iu blaukska /,s jeàu wd§ jYfhka ndysr fmkqug isÿjk ydksh  .ek ldka;djka okafka kï lsisod u;ameka flfrys fhduq fkdjkq we;'
flfia jqjo msßñkag jvd ldka;djkag u;amekaj, úI iys; nj jeäh' fï iïnkaOfhka úia;r wm yd mjid isáfha m%ij yd kdßfõo úfYaI{ ffjoH wd¾'tka'Ô' rdcmlaI uy;dh'
ldka;djkag msßñkag jvd u;amekaj, úI .;sh jeäùug n,mdk fya;= ;=kla fjhs'
tajd fufiah" ldka;djkaf.a YÍrfhys msßñkag jvd fïo m%udKh jeäfhka mj;shs' msßñkaf.a j;=r m%udKh jeä ksid we,afldfyd,a ;kql ùula hï muKlg isÿfõ' ta wkqj tajd blaukska uq;%d iu. msgj hkq we;' kuq;a ldka;d isrefrys fïo m%udKh jeä ksid we,afldfyd,a isrefrys jeä ld,hla r|d mj;shs' th YÍrhg wys;lrh'
we,afldfyd,a ì|jÜgjk ^wl%sh lrjk& tkaihsu j¾. folla ;sfí'  Alcohol dehydrogenase" Aldehyde dehydrogenase kï jQ fuu tkaihsu foj¾.h msßñkag jvd ldka;djkaf.a wvqh' fï ksid msßñkaf.a YÍrfhys we,afldfyd,a r|d mj;sk ld,hg jvd jeä ld,hla ldka;djkaf.a YÍrh ;=< we,afldfyd,a /fËkq we;' tksid úI .;sh /£ ;sfnk ld,h jeäh'
ldka;djkaf.a Tima pl%hg wod< ia;%S fydafudak uoHidrj, mßjD;a;Sh l%shdj,shg n,mdhs' tksido uoHidr YÍrfhka msgùu m%udo fjhs'
fufia r|dmj;sk ld,h jeäùfuka ldka;djkag u;ameka ksid isÿúh yels ydkso jeäh'
´kEu whl=g uoHidr u.ska jeä n,mEula we;sjkafka wlaudjg iy fud<hg nj Tn okS' fuhska wlaudfõ ffi, m%odyhg m;aùu isÿjk w;r fndfyda ld,hla fï l%shdj,sh isÿùfï wjidkh  wlaudj wl%shùuh' túg wlaudfjka isÿjk lEu Èrùfï l%shdj,sh   iy YÍrfha úI bj;a lsÍfï l%shdj,sh wekysàu u; tu úI isref¾ tl;= fjhs'
uoHidr ksid fud<fha ffi, úkdY ùu tys l%shdldÍ;ajh wvd, lrùug fya;=jkq we;'
fuu ydksodhl ;;a;ajhka ia;%S mqreI fomlaIhgu ‍fmdÿh' fï yereKq úg ldka;djkag úfYaIfhka isÿjk ydks ;sfí'
u;amekaj,g jeä keUqrejla we;sùu u.ska ksis jhig;a fmru weglgq Èrdhdfï ;;a;ajh ^Tiaáfhda‍fmdfrdaisia& yg.ekSfï wjodku jeäh' fï fya;=j ksid jeàï ksid isÿjk wk;=reo jeäfõ'
ld,hla tl È.g u;ameka .kakd úg ;reK ldka;djka ;=< u|ire nj fukau l<,hla yg.;a;;a .íid ùïo isÿùfï jeä yelshdjla mj;shs'
.eìks iufha u;ameka .ekSu ksid ìysjk orejdg isÿjk ydkso úúO fõ'
Wm;a nr wvqùu" uqyqfKa úlD;s;d iys; Fetal alcohol syndrome frda. ;;a;ajh yg .ekSu ^fuu frda.fhys ,laIK jkafka weia l=vdùu" lïuq,aj, me;,s iajNdjhla yg .ekSu" Wvq f;d, yd kdih w;r mr;rh wvqùu wdÈhhs&" orejkaf.a wdydr .ekSfï yd kskafoys rgdj fjkiaùu" orejd jhiska j¾Okh jk úg wOHdmkh flfrys olajk yelshdjka wvqùu" yeisÍfuys .egÆ iy.; ;;a;ajhla yg .ekSu wdÈh fï w;ßka m%Odkh' wOHdmkhg wolaI ùu u; úfYaI wOHdmk tallj,g mjd fun÷ orejka we;=<;a lsÍug isÿúh yelsh' ta yereKq úg m%Odk jYfhkau fuf,i ìysjk orejkag ffjoH m%;sldr u;u Ôj;ajkakg isÿùfï wjldYh jeä nj úfYaIfhka wjOdrKh l< hq;=fõ'




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