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Friday, November 4, 2016

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kegqï ks<shka iu. uu;a kegqjd ) mKaä;a wurfoaj

t;fldg uf.a jhi wjqreÿ yhla ú;r we;s' ojila whsh,;a tlal uqyqÿ fjrf<a fi,a,ï lr, f.or hkak f¾,a mdr mksk fldgu uf.a ll=, irfu meg,eú,d udj f¾,a mdr yryd jegqKd T¿j Wiai, n,kfldg fldaÉÑh fufyu w; <Û' nhg ug ke.sg .kak;a nE' miafia hdka;ï nv.d, jf.a f¾,a mdfrka t<shg wefok fldgu jf.a f¾,aÆj uf.a wefÛa .Eù fkd.Eù ud <Ûska udrejqKd'”
wurfoaj ish Ôú;fha uqyqK mE b;d ìysiqKq wjia:djla isysm;a lrñka ud iu. l;dj we/öh' urKh bÈßfha§ ffojfha yia;h u.ska bka bj;g wÈkq ,enQ fï widudkH mqoa.,hd cd;sfha mska uysuh ksidu kej;;a Ôj;a ùfï jdikdj ,enqfjlehs ug isf;a' tfia fkdjkakg  isxy, .S; idys;H .ek wo wmg l=ula l;d lsÍug b;=rej ;sfíoehs flkl= is;Sug mq¿jk'
Wmamekak iy;slfha i|yka mßÈ  wurfoajf. iïmQ¾K ku jkakl=j;a; jvqf.a fodka we,anÜ fmf¾rd h' Wmkafka 1927 foieïn¾ ui 5 fjksodh' .u fudrgqfõ fldr<je,a,h'
we,anÜf.a mshd fudrgq mqrjrfhau m%isoaO" uq¿ jvq mrmqru mQckSh;ajfhka ie,el+ olaI jvq ndia Wkakefya flfkls' tneúka fm<m;a kfuys jvqf.a hkak we;=<;a ùu fndfyda fihska idOdrK hehs wmg isf;a' jkakl=j;a; jvqf.a fodka ðfkdaßia fmf¾rd jk wurfoajf.a mshd úiQ .%duh fudrgqfõ fldr<je,a, uqyqo wdY%s; ëjr l¾udka;fhka  yd jvq l¾udka;fhka m%isoaêhla   ,;a l,dmhls' nd,dmamq jvqf.a ue.S furdhd fukaäia' we,anÜf.a ujhs' ;kslr jvq l¾udka;hgu lemjQ .%duhla jQ b¢neoao wef.a .uhs'
ðfkdaßia fmf¾rd uy;d fudrgqfõ tl, isá olaI jvq ld¾ñlhl= neúka wf;a ñfÜ ñ, uqo,a w;ska t;rï wiSre;djla mjq,g ;snqfKa ke;' fldr<je,a‍f,a oeka b;sßj we;s wurfoaj  mjq‍f,a uyf.or isg uqyqÿ fjr< wi, ÿïßh  ud¾.hg hk f;la we;s bvlvï ish,a,u whs;sj ;snqfKa  we,anÜf.a mshdgh' ta;a miq lf,l § mjq,g uqyqK mEug  isÿ jQ úúO ÿIalr;d ksid fndfyda bvlvï úl=Kkq ,eìfuka miq oeka b;sßj we;af;a uy f.or muKs'
“wfma wïud fuf;daÈia; wd.fï' ;d;a;d nqoaOd.fï' wïud m,a,s;a hkjd' mkaiÆ;a hkjd' wd.u ms<sn|j f.or wjq,la ;snqfKa kE' <uhs Tlafldau nqoaOd.u weoyqjd' wïud fuf;daÈia; m,a,sfha  .S;sld lKavdhfï  .S; .dhkd l< w;r ;d;a;d jh,ska jdolfhla ksid fjila odg lefrd,a lKavdhï mqyqKq  l<d'” wurfoaj ^we,anÜ& ish foudmshka ms<sn|j l;d lf<a uy;a .¾jfhka hehs ug isf;a'
we,anÜf.a mjq‍f,a Tyq iu. ifydaor  ifydaoßhka wg fofkls' jeäu,d fodak ,siS fmf¾rd wlald h' wE oeka Ôj;=ka w;r ke;' ví,sõ' ã' pd,aia  fmf¾rd mjq‍f,a fojekakd jQ w;r" we,anÜf.a  Ôú;fha fmr iufha ix.S;h flfrys fhduq lsÍug iu;a jQfha fudyqh' mjq‍f,a f;jekakd o ifydaoßfhls'  wE oekg Ôj;=ka w;r isák fcia,ska fmf¾rdh' ,x.ufha ‍fmdauka  flfkl= f,i oekg  fiajh lrk isñfhdka fmf¾rd  mjq‍f,a isõjekakdh' wurfoaj ‍fmdä whshd yeáhg uy;a wdorfhka ks;r ks;r iaurKh  lrk  ciaáka fmf¾rd mjq‍f,a miajekakdh'  Tyq jhi wjqreÿ 13 § ñh hk jg we,anÜf.a  jhi wjqreÿ  wgls' ciaáka fmf¾rdg  miqj wlal,d fokakl= Wmka kuq;a fofokdu Wmka wjêfhau ñh f.diah' Bg miq Wmka we,anÜ fmf¾rd ^wurfoaj& Tyqu y÷kajd fok mßÈ mjq‍f,a nv msiaid úh'
kel;g wl=re lshjkakg l,ska we,anÜf.a mshd .fï mkai, jQ fldr<je,a‍f,a jdÆldrduhg ;u nd, mq;d legqj  .sfha tys kdhl yduqÿrejkag Ndr § isxy, NdIdj yd nqoaOd.u ms<sn| lsis hï uQ,sl wä;d,ula ,nd §fï wáfhks' l=vd jqj o Èj yrj yrjd nqoaO .Êch" kdudIaG  Y;lh jeks ‍fmd;am;a  yඬ kÛd lshùug l=vd orejd mqreÿ jQfhah'  mkai‍f,a wOHdmkh flÍf.k hoa§ l%udkql+, wOHdmkhla ,nd §fï wáfhka ksji wi, msysá fldr<je,a‍f,a Y%S ioaO¾fudaoh fn!oaO ñY% mdi,g Tyq we;=<;a lrkq ,eìh' tjlg tys uq,a .=re jYfhka fiajh l< fla' f–' fmf¾rd uy;d we,anÜf.a  miq l, Ôú;h yev .eiaùug mqfrda.dó jQfjls' m; ‍fmdf;a bf.kqu ms<sn| t;rï oialï fkdfmka jQ  l=vd we,anÜ jeä leue;a;la oelajQfha ;u mshdf.a jvq uvqjg f.dia jvq l¾udka;h bf.kSugh' jvq l¾udka;fha fydaäh jk ,S lene,sj,ska weK W,a lsÍu  id¾:lj  ksu l< fyhska mshd  idok mqgqj,g ,S weK we,a,Su l=vd we,anÜg Ndr ÿka wjia:d o ke;af;a fkdfõ' jvq jevg jvd is;a we§  .sh ksid uq,a ld,fha§ mdi,a mka;sfhka mek wjq;a ;u mshdf.a jvq uvqfõ ,S bÍu lf<ah' fujeks fndfyda wjia:dj,§  mshd kej;;a fudyq mdi,g f.k f.dia wer,Sh'
kshkg" lsh;g" uekúka w; yqre ù toa§ l=vd we,anÜf.a is; mdi‍f,a m; ‍fmd;g;a" mshdf.a jvq lïy‍f,a fuj,ïj,g;a" jvd ugisÆgq NdKavhla jQ jh,Skh fj; we§ .sfha flfiaoehs ug is;d .ekSug wmyiqh' uf.a .egÆj ksrdlrKh lr §ug wurfoaj bÈßm;a úh'
“ta ojiaj, .=re wNHdi úoHd,j,  úIh mdGud,dfõ wksjd¾h fohla ;uhs jh,Skh bf.k .ekSu' mdi,aj, ix.S;hg fjku .=rejrfhla ysáfha kE' mqyqKq .=rejre ;uhs ix.S;h w;sf¾l  mdvula yeáhg lf<a' b;ska ´kEu mqyqKq .=rejrfhla mdi,g tkfldg wf;a jh,Skhla ;snqKd'  ta jqK;a .ykak;a nE' jh,Skh  w,a,kak;a nE' jh,Skh áhqka lr.kak f.akafka wfma ;d;a;d <Ûg' ta yskao  wfma f.or jh,ska oyhla myf<djla ke;s fj,djla fidhd .kak nE' ;d;a;d leäÉp jh,ska yo,;a fokjd' b;ska jh,Skh ;uhs Wfoa yji uu olskafk' oj,a mdi,a .sys,a,d  wdju jefâu jh,ska .yk tl' biafi,a,du .eyqfõ  fnda tl ke;=j yßhg uekav,Ska .ykj jf.a ;ks weÛs,af,ka' lfka /¢, ;snqK ;d, yඬ kefÛk úÈhg ;ks weÛs,af,ka uu Tfya .eyqj'”
<ud ld,fha wmQ¾j isoaëka fndfyduhla ms<sn|j ie,lsh hq;= u;lhla wurfoaj ;=< oeka ke;;a tla;rd isÿùula kï iod fkdñfhk fijKe,a,la  fia wurfoajf.a  Ôú;h mqrd  b;sÍ me;sÍ  we;s nj kï meyeÈ,sh'  tkï ;ud <Ûg jeäuy,a fidfydhqrd jQ ciaáka  whshdf.a wl,a urKhhs'  thska we;s jQ lïmkh  fl;rï m%n,oehs lsjfyd;a  wo;a whshd .ek l;d lroa§ wurfoajf.a yඬ yeÛSï nr ù .eUqre jk ieá' fofk; ksjfia iS,su fj; tl t,a‍f,a t,a, ù ;sfnk ieá" uu fyd¢ka ÿgqfjñ'
mqxÑ ld,fha urKh ms<sn| yeÛSula ;snqfKu kE' uf.a <Ûu whshd" ud;a tlal tlg fi,a,ï lrñka' tlg .y neK .ksñka" wdhs;a hd¿ fjñka" isá ‍fmdä whshd ñh hEu ug we;s l< lïmkh wm%udKh' ‍fmdä whshd  widOH fj,d fld<U uybiamsß;df,g f.kdjd' tfya§  whshd uereKd' tod  fld<U uy biamsß;df, ;snqKq Trf,daiq lKqj wo;a t;k olsk fldg ug ‍fmdä whshj u;la fjkjd'”
Y%S ioaO¾fudaoh mdi‍f,a bf.k .kakd ld,fha§ we,anÜ YsIHhdf.a is; jvd;a we§ .sfha ix.S;h flfrysh' m; ‍fmdf;a wl=re bf.kqug jvd mka;sfha§ iskaÿ lshñka ;d,hg fïij,g ;Ügq lrñka l,a .; lsÍug Tyq jvd;a reÑhla oelajQfhah' fudyqf.a fuu ix.S;ldñ Wkkaÿj ksid mdi‍f,a isá f.a%ia mSßia .=re;=ñh mdi‍f,a meje;ajQ iEu úúO m%ix.hlgu we,anÜ iyNd.s lrjd .ekSug wu;l fkdl<dh'
;u Ôú;fha b;du;a jeo.;a ikaêia:dkhla igyka lf<a l=udr;=x. uqksodi iQÍka uqK .eiSu nj wurfoaj wo;a l,amkd lrhs' Tyqg l=udr;=x. uqksodihka uqK .efik úg Tyq Y%S ioaO¾fudaoh mdi‍f,a y;afjks fYa%Ksfha bf.kqu ,nñka isáfhah'
“l=udr;=x. uy;a;hdf.a f.drCfmd, f.a yo, f.or mÈxÑ ùfï W;aijhg uu;a .shd' wfma fldr<je,a‍f,a f.or b|, álla biairyg .shyu mdkÿrd .Û ;sfhkjd' tafla ;sfhk .‍f,a f;dgq‍fmdf<ka mekaak .uka l=udr;=x.  uy;a;hf. f.h' Y%S ioaO¾fudaoh mdi‍f,a uf.a uq,a .=re;=ud jQ fla' f–' fmf¾rd uy;auhd" l=udr;=x.hkaf.a w.%.KH Y%djlfhla' thd l=udr;=x. uy;a;hf. f.or hkfldg udj;a tlalrka hkjd' ta ojiaj, fy< yjq‍f,a k¿jla ;snqKd ud;r§ “lõrih” lsh,d' tafl lú yd .S; .dhkd lf<a uu' fï ldf,È  chka; ùrfialr" w,õbis ieìfy," wßfika wyqnqÿ" wìrï .ïfyajd" yshqn;a Èidkdhl jeks úh;a fy< yjq,a idudðlhkaf.a weiqr ug ,enqKd' ta jf.au ks;ru l=udr;=x. weiqr;a ug ,enqKd' l=udr;=x. uy;df.a n,mEu ;uhs uf.a  NdIdfõÈ .=Kh m%n, ùug fya;=j'”
we,anÜf.a mdi,a Ôú;h tlu mdi,g muKla iSud fkdjQjla úh' wjqreÿ 13 l mdi,a Ôú;fha§ Tyq mdi,a y;rl  bf.kqu ,enqfõh' mdif,ka mdi,g udre ùug fya;= jQfha  Tyq ;=< ix.S;h flfrys ;snQ olaI;djhhs' tl, m%foaYfha mdi,a w;r ;snQ .dhkd jdok ;r.j,g iyNd.s  ùug we,anÜ  miqng jQfha ke;' ta iEu ;r.hlskau Tyq uq,a ;ek ÈkQ w;r" fuu olaI YsIHhd ;u mdi,g ,nd .ekSfï  wáfhka m<df;a Wiia úoHd, tlsfkldg fydfrka ‍fmdr ne¥ ldrKh tjl t;rï ryila fkdùh'  iuyr úoHd,j,ska  YsIH;aj  msßkeñKs'
fuhska tl mdi,la ;uhs mdkÿf¾ Y%S iqux., úoHd,h' ug fï ld,fha bx.sßis bf.k .kak;a fyd|gu jqjukdj ;snqKd' ta ld,fha iqux.‍f,a  ysgmq úÿy,am;s weï' ví,sõ' lreKdkkao uy;auhd ug YsIH;ajhla ÿkakd' ta wkqj 1940 § ú;r uu iqux.,fha wgfjks mka;shg we;=¿ jqKd' iqux.,fha uu ysáfha ál ld,hhs' fï ldf,u fudrgq úÿy‍f,a ysgmq úÿy,am;s iurùr uy;a;hd uf.a .dhk yd jdok  .ek wy, ug fndfydu leue;a;lska yd wdorhlskqhs ysáfh'  ta uy;auhd  l¿;r úoHd,hg udrejla wrka .sys,a,d ug l;d l<d YsIH;ajhla fokjhs lsh, l¿;r úoHd,hg tkak lsh,d' ta mdr uu iqux.f,ka  wiafj,d l¿;r úoHd,hg  .shd' l¿;r  úoHd,fhka uu jeä ojia ysáfha kE' t;ekska .shd n<msáfh isoaOd¾:hg' tys § ta mdi‍f,a ysgmq .=rejrekag uu ix.S;h b.ekakqjd' talg mdi‍f,a ysá  ix.S; .=rejrhd ud iu. idOdrK oafõIhla we;s lr.;a;d' fudlo ix.S; .=rejrhdg  jvd <uhs uf.a miafika tkak mgka .;a;= ksid'  fudlo Tyqu bkakfldg  mqyqKq .=rejrekag jh,ska jdokh W.kajkak ug Ndr l<d' mdi‍f,a mka;s bjr jqKdu uu lrkafka mqyqKq .=rejrekaf.a  f.j,aj,g .sys,a,d thd,g jh,ska jdokh W.kajk  tlhs' uu isoaOd¾:fha bf.k .;af;a ‍‍‍fcHIaG mka;shg tklï ú;rhs'  uu iu;a jqfKa lksIaGh  ú;rhs' fuÉprhs uf.a mdi,a Ôú;h'”
mdi,a YsIHfhlaj isáho tjl m<df;a isá iqm%lg ix.S;{hka w;r we,anÜg ;snqfKa iu ;ekls' iu ms<s .ekSuls' fudrgqfõ úiQ fckÜ mSßia kue;s ix.S;{hd  m%foaYhu ms<s.;a  ix.S;{fhla' fyf;u ix.S;{ fudfyduâ .jqiaf.a ks;H jdol uKav,fha idudðlfhl=o úh' widudkH  ix.S; fl!Y,H;djla fmkakqï l< ;reK we,anÜf.a oialï ix.S;{ fudfyduâ .jqia fj; ,nd §fuka ix.S; lKavdhug jvd we,anÜf.a Ôú;hg §ma;su;a t<shla ,nd Èh yels nj fckÜ mSßiag ta;a;= ù .sfhah' tl, .jqia udiag¾f.a Ydka;sl,d ksfla;kh kue;s ix.S;  úoHd,h msysgd ;snqfKa nïn,msáfha wfYdal WoHdkfha ã' weia' ví,sõ o is,ajd uy;df.a ksjfiah'
.jqia udiag¾f.a jdoH lKavdhug ne÷Kq we,anÜg  .jqia udiag¾ iu. fldf,dïìhd ;eá iud.fï .S;j,g jdok iyh imhkakg wjia:dj ie,iqKs' ix.S; úoHd,fha jev lghq;= nyq, jQ neúka ;reK we,anÜg .jqia udiag¾f.a ksjfia i;s .Kka k;r ùug isÿúh' fï ksid ;u mq;df.a  iqjÿla oek .ekSu msKsi fldr<je,a‍f,a isg ðfkdaßia fmf¾rd uy;d nïn,msáfha .jqia udiag¾f.a  ix.S; úoHd,h  fidhdf.k wdfõ  jrla fojrla fkdfõ' ta jk úg bia;rï j¾.fha iqreÜgq  ñáhla f.keú;a  .jqia udiag¾g ;E.s lsÍu ieuúgu fmf¾rd  uy;d w;ska isÿjQ fohls' tjlg Y%S ,xldj  mqrd olaI  ix.S;{hl= f,i lS¾;shg yd f.!rjhg md;% ù isá .jqia udiag¾ fijfka ;u mq;d Ys,am yodrkafkah hk yeÛSu mjd fmf¾rd uy;df.a  wNsudkh jeä lsÍug fya;=jla úh'
fldf,dïìhd ;eá iud.fï ;eá.; lsÍï nyq,j isÿ lsÍu ksid ta i|yd iyNd.s jQ we,anÜg fld<U Ôj;a ùug ;rï ie,lsh hq;= wdodhula w;g ,efnkakg we;ehs uu is;=fjñ'
“mqÿfu lshkafk fï ldf, jf.a ‍fkfjhs ta ldf, uf.a ysf;a Ok wdYdjla ;snqfKa kE” hehs lshñka wurfoaj uf.a ks.ukh wkd: lf<ah'
“ta ojiaj, .jqia udiag¾f.a ix.S; ld¾hfha ksr; ù isàu ;uhs tlu m%S;sh' hkak tkak nia .dia;=hs  lkak fndkak lShla yß ;snqKuhs fyd|gu we;s' ;eá .; lsÍïj,g .shdg i,a,s b,a,kafk;a kE'  Tfydu b|, biafi,a,du lsh, fldf,dïìhd iud.fuka uf.a w;g ,enqKd remsh,a 80 l fpla tlla' tal ‍fmdfrda,sia m%kdkaÿ iud.fuka udre lrf.k fldgqfõ m<fjks  yria ùÈfhka g%Eï ld¾ tllg ke.a.d .%Ska iaà%Ü tfla .jq,a  udiag¾,f. f.org hkak' wr remsh,a wiQj uf.a Wv idlal=fj ;snqfK' g%Eï tflka neye, n,kfldg msla‍fmdlÜldrfhla remsha, wiQjg úo,' fï l;dj .jqia udiag¾g lSju ug ;j;a remsh,a mkyla ÿkak'” fuh wid wm wi, isá wurfoajf.a ìß| uy;a y¾äka wurfoaj iu. tlaj iskdiqKdh' Tjqka iu. ud;a iskdiSug W;aidy  l<o uf.a iskyj f;d,a w;r Èhdre ù .sfha fï iïNdjH ix.S;{hdg Ôú;fha m%:u j;djg ;u oekqfuka ,;a uqo, lsisu jeo.eïulg ke;sj wysñ ù hEu ksid we;s jQ wkqlïmdj ksidh'
.jqia udiag¾f.a ix.S; úoHd,fha bkakd w;r ;=f¾§ iqks,a idka;" wdkkao iurfldaka jeks tl, m%isoaêhg m;a .dhlhkaf.a .=jka úÿ,s .S jevigykaj,g we,anÜf.a jh,ska jdokh tl;= lr .ekSug Tjqyq lsisúgl;a wu;l fkdl<y'  Y%S ,xldfõ m%:u isxy, Ñ;%mgh ùug ;snQ “wfYdal ud,d”  Ñ;%mgfha ksIamdokh i|yd Ydka;s l=ud¾ bkaÈhdj n,d msg;a jQfha fï iufhah' tu Ñ;%mgfha  ix.S;h wOHlaIKh
lf<a .jqia udiag¾h' iyh ix.S; wOHlaIKh yd jh,ska jdokh  we,anÜg Ndr úh' óg wu;rj “wehs lf<a hul= wd‍f,a” yd “Nfõ .S; yerod” hk .S; fol .dhkd lsÍug .jqia udiag¾" we,anÜg we/hqï lf<ah' wm fndfyda fokd okafka  we,anÜ wfYdal ud,dys .S; .dhkd lrñka ysÛkafkl=f.a pß;h rÛ mE nj muKs' “wfYdal ud,d Ñ;%mg .; lf<a bkaÈhdfõ fldhsïn;+¾ys fikag%,a Ñ;%d.drfha' uu ta Ñ;%mgfha ysÛkakdf.a pß;h ú;rla fkfõ rÛmEfõ' wfYdal ud,d Ñ;%mgfha tla kegqï .S;hla tkjd “m%S;s m%S;s pkao%d f,dafla” lsh,' Th kegqï .S;fha§ kegqï ks<shka iu. uu;a kegqjd' Ydka;s l=ud¾ ;uhs ug Ñ;%mghg kgkak yÈisfha mqyqKq lf<a' oeka olsk fldg ,eÊcd;a ysf;kjd” hehs lshñka wurfoaj uy;a yඬ kÛñka iskdfikakg úh'

iqri m%ldYkhlajk md,s; fmf¾rd iu. “iÔù f,iska lD;sfhka” Wmqgd .kakd ,§'


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