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Monday, August 8, 2016

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ydialï msß .egnre uy fofjd<

ud;r Èia;‍%slalfha fudrjla fldar<fha msysá ft;sydisl .egnre rc uy úydria:dkfha niakdysr rÊcqre nKavdr foajd,fha w;S;h j<.ïnd rc iuh f;la Èj hhs' ‘‘reyqfKa mqxÑ l;r.u’’ hk úreodj,sh ,;a fï foajd,fha n,.;=lu fkdokakd flkl= ol=Kq m<df;a fkdue;s ;rïh'

ta ;rugu .egnre foajd,h ck;djg ióm ù mj;S' ksjil odkhla" msß;la" msxlula" W;aijhla wd§ lsishï iqn lghq;a;la mj;ajkafka o Bg fmr .egnre foajd,h fj; f.dia mඬqre .eg .id niakdysr rÊcqre nKavdr foúhkaf.ka wdYs¾jdo ,nd.ekSu fudrjla fldarf<a ck;djf.a idudkH mqreoaols'
tfukau lsishï fidrlula" uxfld,a,hla" wmydihla wd§  ´kEu wlghq;a;l § o" ck;djf.a msysgg isákafka tu foúhkah' fmd,sishg fyda wêlrKhg jvd hqla;sh ms<sn| fidhd n,d je/È l< jqkag ksis oඬqjï ,nd §ug rÊcqre nKavdr foúhka C%shd lrk nj Tjqka ;=< úYd, úYajdihla mj;S'
fyd|g yd krlg hk folgu msysg jk fï foúhkag ‘tfjf,a oඬqjï fok foúhka’ f,io .ïuq y÷kaj;s' t;rï úYd, n,hla ;sfnk .egnre foajd,h .d,a, fokshdh m‍%Odk ud¾.fha fldgfmd, lsf,daóg¾ 69;a 70;a w;r fldgig .sh úg je|mqod .; yelsh'

uyd jxYfha i|yka mßÈ j,.ïnd rcq i;=re wdC%uKslhskaf.ka ñ§ug ieÛù isá reyqfKa l÷ YsLr u; bÈ l< f,ka úydrhla f,io fuu ia:dkh ye¢kafõ' .egnrej iu.u rejkalkao" t<u,afoksh" W!reuq;a; yd is;a;ï.,af,k wd§ isoaOia:dk o tu hq.fha ìys jQ njg o úYajdihla mj;S'
lkao Wvrg rdc jxYfha nKavdr iïNjfhka mej; wd nKavdrjreka m‍%dfoaYSh Wm rdcHhka njg m;a ùfï§ niakdysr biõfõ m‍%foaY /qilg wêm;sj isg urKfhka miq rÊcqre nKavdr kñka foaj;ajhg m;aj we;ehs o ;j;a ckm‍%jdohl i|yka fõ'

flfia fj;;a rÊcqre nKavdr foúhka whqla;shg widOdrKhg tfrysj hqla;sh bgq fldg oඬqjï ,ndfok foúhl= nj ish¨ fokd w;r m‍%lgh' ;u Ôú;hg fidr i;=re ìhla kskaod wmydihla isÿ fjhso ta  ´kEu fohlg msysg ,nd fokafka fï foajd,fhks' tu ksid m,s .eiSu" wj,do lsÍu" jia lú lSu yd fmd,a .eiSu fuu foajd, NQñfha w¨;a fohla fkdfõ'

fokshdh m‍%foaYh wdY‍%s;j .j fidrlula fõo@ ksjila fidre ì¢kafkao@ fndfyda wh ta .ek meñKs,s lsÍug fmd,sish fj; hdu fjkqjg lrkafka foajd,h fj; meñ”uh' ta ;rugu rÊcqre nKavdr foúhka je/Èlrejkag fok oඬqju ms<sn| úYd, úYajdihla ck;dj w;r mj;S' tneúka úYañ; yd ydialï j,ska imsß fuu mqKH NQñh ‘lsõfjd;a fkdjrÈk ;ekla’ f,i o m‍%lgh'

ÿlg fukau iem;g o isák .egnre foajd,h fidhd .ekSu ms<sn|j o we;af;a wmQre l;kaorhls' C%sia;= j¾I 1834 § fldgfmd," flfi,a fldrgqfõ f.or mÈxÑj isá t<shia ydñ kue;s ovhlalre i;=ka ovhï lsÍug .egnre lkaog f.dia we;' túg bÈßhg meñKs f.dafkla wdmiq yeÍ ÿj f.dia ;sfnk w;r W! k;r ù we;af;a .,a f,klh' ta miqmi ÿj.sh ovhlalreg oel.; yels jQfha .,a f,fkys isák oywg ßhka nqÿ ms<su jykafia kuhs'
tu isoaêh .u mqrd me;sr hdu;a iuÛ fudrjl fldiaks,af.dv mÈxÑ úodkm;srK legf.dv Wmdil uy;d .ïjdiSkaf.a o wdOdr Wmldr we;sj tu ia:dkfha ;djld,sl ix>djdihla bÈ lr 1834 jif¾ § ysñkula tys k;r lr we;' ta wkqj .egnre rc uy úydria: úydrdêm;s mrïmrdfõ m‍%:u úydrdêm;s ysñhka jkafka ùrisxy lkafoa iqux., kdysñhka jykafiah'

bka wk;=rej 1953 jif¾ § Wv u¿fõ pdß;‍% mQfcda;aijh f,i .egnre wei< ufyda;aijh wdrïN úh' wmj;a jQ frdgqU Y%S r;kmd, kdysñhkaf.a wkqYdil;ajh u; idu úksiqre tï'ü' hdmd yd tjlg jr,a, fmd,sisfha fiajh l< ñ/qkafvda fmryr rd<ydñf.a fufyhùu u; tu W;aijh mj;ajd we;'
1956 jif¾ § m‍%:u .egnre fmryr ù:s ixpdrh jQ w;r wo jk úg fuu fmryr ux.,Hh cd;sl uÜgfï wd.ñl W;aijhla f,i rch m‍%ldYhg m;a lr ;sfí' fuu mQcd NQñfha j¾;udk ÈhqKqfõ mqfrda.dñhd f,i úydrdêm;s olaIsK ,xldfõ oaú;Sh ix>kdhl" Ydia;‍%fõ§ mKaä; fnr,mkd;r pkaoúu, kdysñhka lghq;= lrhs'

Wkajykafiaf.a uQ,sl;ajfhka my< u¿fõ fndaëka jykafia jev isák ia:dkh ÈhqKq lsÍu" Wvu¿fõ jev ys¢kd ud,s.h ixrlaIKh lsÍu" olaIsK Èid jdy,alv" my< fndau¿j" rka úhk iys; oajdr uKavmh bÈ lsÍu wd§ ixj¾Ok ld¾hhka /qila isÿ lr ;sfí' úfYaIfhkau kdhl iajdóka jykafiaf.a wkqYdikd mßÈ .egnre rcuy úydrfha lD;Hdêldß wdpd¾h lsßkafoa wdkkao kdysñhkaf.ka ta i|yd ,enqKq iyfhda.h wmßñ;h'
80 oYlfha § wNdjm‍%dma; jQ ud;r Èia;‍%sla wud;H lS¾;s wfíúC%u uy;d o iqúfYaIS fufyjrla fï mQcd NQñfha ixj¾Okh fjkqfjka bgq lr ;sfí' bka miq j¾;udkfha .egnre rc uy úydria: niakdysr rÊcqre nKavdr foajd,fha Wkak;sh fjkqfjka ie,lsh hq;= fufyjrl ksr;j isákafka ckdêm;s md¾,sfïka;= lghq;= f,alï l=udrisß fyÜáf.a uy;dhs' Tyq .egnre wei< W;aij lñgqfõ m‍%Odk ixúOdhljrhd f,i o lghq;= lrhs'
fï mQcd NQñfha há;, myiqlï ÈhqKq lsÍu" fmryf¾ idïm‍%odhsl isß;a úß;a yd wkkH;dj m‍%j¾Okh lsÍu yd .egnre mQfcda;aijh i|yd remsh,a fofldaáhl ia:djr wruqo,la we;s lsÍu l=udrisß fyÜáf.a uy;df.a uQ,sl b,lalh ù ;sfí' Tyq ta i|yd wjYH rdcH wkq.‍%yh ,nd .ksñka oekgu;a úydria:dkfha ixj¾Ok lghq;= fjkqfjka úYd, odhl;ajhla ,nd foñka isà'
ft;sydisl .egnre rc uyd úydr ngysr rÊcqre nKavdr foajd,fha 57 jeks ux.,Hh wo ^15& isg ,nk 21 jeks Èk olajd meje;afõ' m<uq fma<s fmryr wo ^15& iji 2'00g ys.=remkd.,ska wdrïN ù .egnre úydria:dkh olajd ù:s ixpdrh flf¾' fojeks fma<s fmryr fyg ^16* iji 2'00 jr,a, W;a;r.sß úydrfhka wdrïN ù .egnre úydrh olajd o f;jeks fma<s fmryr wksoaod ^17& iji 2'00 fldiafudaor iqfndaOdx rdufhka wdrïN ù .egnre úydria:dkh olajd o ù:s ixpdrh lsÍug kshñ;h'

fujr m<uq rkafoda,s fmryr ,nk 18 jeks Èk rd;‍%s 9'00 úydria:dkfhka wdrïN ù ys.=remkd., f;a iñ;sh olajd .uka lr kej; .egnrej fj; <Ûd ùug ie,iqï lr ;sfí'
fojeks rkafoda,s uyd fmryr ,nk 19 jeks Èk rd;‍%s 9'00 úydria:dkfhka wdrïN ù .,afod, uxikaêh olajd f.dia kej;;a .egnrej fj; f.j§ug kshñ;h' w,s we;=ka iys;j Wvrg" my;rg yd inr.uq ixialD;sldx. /ilska fujr fmryr ux.,Hh w,xldr fjhs' tys niakdhl ks,fïjrhd f,i lsxia,s ,shkf.a uy;d lghq;= lrhs'

óg iu.dój Y%S ,xld hqo yuqodfõ ls,sfkdÉÑ wd{dm;s wdrlaIl uQ,ia:dkh bÈ l< iïnqoaO pß;h /.;a wei< uyd f;drK o fmryr ux.,Hh meje;afjk ld,h mqrdjg m‍%o¾Ykh flf¾'fujr W;aijfha foaj f;dú,h ,nk 20 yd 21 hk foÈk Wvu¿fõ§ meje;aùug kshñ; w;r 21 jeks Èk w¨hu .sks mE.Sug o kshñ;h' tÈk oyj,a meje;afjk uyd foaj odkfhka wk;=rej fujr .egnre wei< uyd ux.,Hh ksudjg m;afõ'

úfYaIfhkau ngysr rÊcqre nKavdr foúhkaf.a wdYs¾jdoh ,nd .ekSug Èjhsfka úúO m‍%foaYj,ska ,laI ixLHd; ne;su;=ka msßila fudrjla fldar<hg meñ”ug kshñ;j we;'
.egnre lkafoa mä tlska tl Wvg ke. hdu ;rula ÿIalr nj ne¨ ne,aug fmfkkakg úh' uu ta ms<sn|j ta wi, isá .ïjdishl=f.ka úuiqfjñ' túg Tyq lSfõ ‘‘uy;a;fhda lsis fohlg nhfjkak tmd' Tn;=ud nh ke;sj Wvg hkak' ll=,a fol ßfokafka keye' rÊcqre nKavdr foúhkaf.a Nla;sfhka Wvg hkak mq¿jka’’ lshdh'

ta wkqj ud foaj Nla;sh uq,a lrf.k ñ;=rl= iuÛ .egnre lkao Wvg k.sñka isáfhah' ud iuÛ .sh ñ;=rd wjg le<Efõ fjk foaj,a" ksOka jia;= .ek lg ue; fodvjñka lshk úg ix>djdih jev ys¢kd ud,s.h" rÊcqre nKavdr foajd,h" úIaKq l;r.u foajd, yd ffp;H je| mqodf.k wm kej;;a my<g neiafiah'
.egnre foajd, NQñfha mäfmf<a my<gu tk úg ud iuÛ lg ue; fodvjñka .sh ñ;=rdf.a ll=, fmr<S wdndê; ;;a;ajhg m;a úh' wjidkfha Tyqf.a Wrysiska w,a,d ksji fj; tlalrf.k hdug isÿ úh' tu wjia:dfõ§ fuu foaj wvúfha n,h fldmuK oehs ukdj meyeÈ,s úh'

bka miq Èk jk úg udf.a ll=,a fol o ßfokak bv we;ehs is;=j;a th tfia fkdùh' iq¿ fyda ߧula we;s fkdùh' tfy;a fjk;a lkaola Wia ia:dkhlg ta wdldrhg .sfha kï myqjod jk úg ll=,a folg hï fõokdjla we;s fõ' tys§ lsisÿ fõokdjla we;s fkdùfukao fmkS .sfha .egnre foúhkaf.a Nla;sh fldmuK o lshdh'

ta wdldrhg uq¿ uy;a fudrjla fldar<h mqrd n,h f;aci úysÿjk .egnre rcuyd úydr ngysr rÊcqre nKavdr foúhkaf.a Nla;sh fumuKhs lshd úia;r l< fkdyelsh' ta ;rugu foúhka n,.;=h' fyd|g ysáfhd;a rÊcqre nKavdr foúhka wdYs¾jdo lrk w;r krlg ysáfhd;a oඬqjula ñi iudjla ,nd fkdfohs' ta .egnre foúhka hqla;sh bgq lrk whqre h'


^úfYaI ia;+;sh -.egnre wei< W;aij ixúOdhl lñgqfõ iïnkaëlrK f,alï uyskao úodkm;srK uy;dg'&



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